Otolaryngology or ENT is a part of medicine that deals with the conditions of the ears, throat, and nose. ENT specialists are trained in this field and they can treat a wide range of disorders in this area. They also perform procedures including surgeries on the structures involved, if needed. This is because if medications and non-invasive treatment modalities can’t improve the condition of the patient, surgery is needed. ENT surgeries also address injuries and deformities.
Medical conditions that ENT specialists address include nose infections and injuries, sinusitis, ear infections, sleep disorders including sleep apnea, head and neck pain, vertigo, tonsillitis, and speech and swallowing disorders.
Following are some procedures that ENT specialists especially perform to treat different types of ENT disorders:
This surgery is used by healthcare providers for the treatment of chronic sinusitis, removal of polyps from the sinuses, and for treating other conditions. Most patients undergo sinus surgery because of severe sinus problems that medications can’t resolve. Sinus surgery involves removal of a part of sinus tissue, bones, or polyps. Several types of sinus surgeries have been designed, which are minimally invasive and require less recovery time.
Sinus surgeries are of several types including:
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS): It is the commonest type of sinus surgery that is performed to widen the drainage passages between the nose and the sinuses. A part of bone or infected tissue is removed so that the mucus trapped inside the sinuses evacuates.
Balloon sinuplasty: Balloon Sinuplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that does not involve cutting or resection of nasal tissues or bones. The time taken for recovery is quicker, and the scar heals fast. Due to these reasons, balloon sinuplasty is emerging as the procedure of choice for the severe or chronic form of sinusitis unresponsive to other medical treatments, including nasal decongestants, antibiotics, rinses, and nasal and oral corticosteroids.
If you are not the right candidate for balloon sinuplasty, you may be considered for endoscopic sinus surgery, a minimally invasive procedure that is also used for the treatment of sinusitis. Your doctor will evaluate your thoroughly and then discuss the right treatment options with you.
If not treated at the right time, inflamed and clogged sinuses can adversely affect normal breathing and lead to development of symptoms including headache, jaw ache, and insomnia.
Millions of people have CRS or chronic rhinosinusitis. Conservative treatment like antibiotics can ease the symptoms of most people. However, if your symptoms continue for more than three months, your doctor might recommend endoscopic sinus surgery or balloon sinuplasty. The symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis include congestion, facial pressure, stuffy nose, loss of sense of smell, and runny nose.
Every patient who can benefit from balloon sinuplasty is not a candidate for the procedure. Ideal candidates for balloon sinuplasty include those who:
Doctors recommend tonsillectomy procedure for two main reasons:
To decrease the risk of infection in patients with chronic or frequent tonsillitis.
To treat sleep disorders related to breathing, such as obstructive sleep apnea.
Getting a tonsillectomy has many benefits including fewer risks of infections, better sleep quality, and overall improved quality of life.
Adenoids are glands that lie behind the nose and above the roof of the mouth. They appear as small lumps of tissue, and perform an important function in young children. They form a part of the immune system and protect the body against bacteria and viruses. Adenoids start shrinking at around the age of 5-7 in children and can be almost gone completely by the teenage years. A surgery aimed at removing the adenoids is called adenoidectomy.
While adenoids help protect the body against bacteria and viruses, they get swollen and enlarged or chronically infected sometimes. This can occur as a result of allergies, infection, or other reasons. Some kids may even be born with adenoids that are abnormally large. When a child's adenoids are too large, those can result in problems by blocking their airways partially. When this occurs, children can face breathing problems, infections of the ear, or other complications, leading to snoring or more serious conditions like sleep apnea. Chronic congestion, nasal drainage, and sinus infections can also be seen. Enlarged adenoids can also interfere with the return of ear infections and collection of chronic fluid in the ear, resulting in temporary loss of hearing.
It is a surgical procedure used to treat ruptured eardrums. The eardrum or tympanic membrane is a tissue that separates the ear canal from the middle ear. When the eardrum is ruptured, a hole is created in the tissue. This hole keeps it from vibrating, affecting the normal breathing pattern. Most of the time, the ruptured ear drum is treated with antibiotics or ear drops. However, if the eardrum doesn’t heal with these treatment modalities, a tympanoplasty surgery may be needed to prevent problems like chronic infections, hearing loss, and dizziness.
The surgeon performs tympanoplasty surgery by accessing the eardrum and patching the hole. The surgery has been shown to successfully treat ruptured eardrums in more than 90% of people who undergo the surgery.
Ruptured eardrum can occur if:
Before tympanoplasty, the doctor will examine the middle ear and hearing. Following are some steps he might take:
Patching of the eardrum is involved in all tympanoplasties. The techniques vary in how the doctor reaches the middle ear so that the eardrum can be repaired. Following is some information on each technique:
The types of thyroid cancer are follicular thyroid cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, anaplastic thyroid cancer, primary thyroid lymphoma, and medullary thyroid cancer. Metastasis to the thyroid gland from cancer elsewhere in the body can also cause cancer.
Thyroidectomies are of two main categories - partial and total. Partial thyroidectomy involves the removal of part of the thyroid gland. It's types include:
The type of thyroid surgery you might need depends upon the diagnosis. For example, if your thyroid gland has a nodule on one side, you might require a hemithyroidectomy to get it removed. If you have a large malignant cancerous tumour or a goitre, you will require a total thyroidectomy to get it treated. Your surgeon and your endocrinologist will together determine the best surgical treatment plan for you.
Head and neck malignancies such as oral, laryngeal, and temporal bone cancers may require an ENT surgery. The procedure employed may entail micro-blood vessel or reconstructive surgery.
Other procedures like laryngoscopy and tracheotomy are also performed in the ENT department. A direct laryngoscopy could be performed for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. A tracheotomy may be performed when someone has problems breathing. An opening is cut in the wind pipe so that air reaches the lungs.
The Department of ENT at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore offers advanced treatment services and consultation for conditions of the ear, nose, and throat region. Equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and pioneering technology, ENT specialists from Indore perform both routine and complicated surgical procedures via conventional and endoscopic methods. Combined skull-base surgeries and micro ear and laryngeal surgeries are also performed in the department.
ENT surgeries are recommended by oncologists in malignancies of the head and neck, including those of the larynx and temporal bone. These surgeries involve reconstructive or microvascular procedures.
Other ENT procedures involve diagnostic or therapeutic direct laryngoscopy, adenoidectomy, tracheostomy, septoplasty, and tonsillectomy. Some of these procedures are more frequently performed on paediatric patients.
If you are looking for the best doctors for ENT treatment in Indore, you can visit Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore. The Department of ENT at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore boasts a team of experienced otolaryngologists who work in collaboration with allied trained medical professionals to determine treatment plans best suited to the patient's condition.