Immunisation is a method through which vaccines are given to protect individuals against different types of diseases and prevent them from getting sick. Even though vaccines are generally administered to children to protect them from various diseases, adults may also require them.
Immunisation helps protect the individuals from acquiring a wide range of diseases. Most of these diseases spread easily from one person to another and lead to serious health conditions, including death.
When adults haven’t been fully vaccinated in childhood, they might require vaccinations later in life. Moreover, the immunity derived from childhood vaccines tends to wear off over time. As we increase in age, we tend to become more susceptible to developing certain diseases caused by common infections, including flu, pneumococci, and herpes zoster.
Sometimes, adults may also require vaccinations to prevent outbreak of diseases, especially in countries that are densely populated, where infections can spread easily from one person to the next. This was recently seen when the world dealt with the COVID-19 pandemic. Spread of certain diseases transmitted via sexual contact or bloodstream can be prevented by vaccinations. Additionally, some vaccines have to be specifically given to post-transplant patients.
Vaccines can safeguard the immune system from diseases, preventing the person from getting sick.
They boost the immune system safely by using a weakened version of germs to enable the defence mechanism of the body to fight back against the infection. Even though they are associated with side effects, they rarely make people seriously ill.
Many vaccines can lead to side effects such as:
However, having these side effects does not mean that you got an infection or that you are sick. Severe side effects of vaccines are rare and in most cases, the benefits of taking vaccinations far outweigh the risks.
Vaccines are recommended on the basis of many different factors such as occupational status, patient’s age, prior vaccination status, and associated health conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory disease.
Although many different patient-specific factors are considered before recommending vaccines, there are certain vaccines that are generally recommended for adults, including:
Some special conditions should be considered before the administration of vaccines, including:
Vaccines are generally safe to use and have a high protection rate. Mild degree of fever or reaction at the local site can occur, which can be treated symptomatically. More serious side effects of vaccines are very rare.
To maintain the vaccine efficiency, those must be stored appropriately at appropriate temperatures. Care needs to be taken during their administration and handling to minimise the risks and ensure maximum protection.
The common vaccines usually given to adults include the Shingles vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine, Tdap, influenza vaccine, and Hepatitis B vaccine.
Immunisation grants protection against different types of diseases in adults and prevents serious health implications, including death. Vaccines give protection not only to individuals but to the whole community. Proper storage and handling of vaccines are ensured at our Adult Immunisation Clinic. We have expert medical professionals for administering the vaccines and for the documentation of the same. The vaccines are only recommended after complete history taking, physical examination, and evaluation of the associated medical conditions. Visit the best Adult Immunisation Clinic in Indore where we follow quality standards and international guidelines are followed during all the procedures.