Keratoplasty is an operation that involves replacement surgeries of a part of the cornea of the patient with corneal tissue from a donor. This operation is also referred to as cornea transplant. The cornea is the dome-shaped, transparent part of the surface of the eye. Light enters the eye through this part and it plays an important role in the ability of the eyes to see clearly.
A Keratoplasty may reduce pain, restore vision, and improve the appearance of diseased or damaged cornea. The success rate of Keratoplasty operation is quite high. However, a risk of complications of rejection of the donor cornea is involved in the procedure.
A Keratoplasty is usually performed to restore vision in a patient with damaged cornea. A Keratoplasty also helps relieve pain or other symptoms linked with corneal diseases. Following are some conditions that can be treated with a Keratoplasty:
Even though Keratoplasty is a safe procedure, some risks of serious complications are associated with the procedure, including:
The immune system of the body can attack the donor cornea mistakenly, which manifests in the form of rejection. Rejection may require another cornea transplant or medical treatment. You must make an urgent appointment with your ophthalmologist if you experience symptoms like eye pain, vision loss, sensitivity to light, and red eyes.
Before the procedure, you will undergo:
Cornea used in Keratoplasty procedure is collected from dead people. Those who died from unknown causes are not a candidate for Keratoplasty. Corneas from people with eye disease or certain conditions like diseases passed from one generation to the next and previous eye surgery are not used.
A Keratoplasty or cornea transplant is aimed at removing either partial thickness or the entire thickness of the diseased cornea and replaces it with healthy donor tissue. Your surgeon will decide on which method to use. Operations of this type include:
On the corneal transplant surgery day, you will be given medication to calm you down and make you less anxious. You might also be given a medicine that makes your eye numb and make you experience less pain. Surgery is performed on one eye at a time. The time spent in surgery depends on your situation.
After your cornea transplant, you can expect to:
Most patients receiving a corneal transplant will have their vision restored at least partially. After your corneal transplant, what you can expect depend on your reason for taking the surgery and your overall health. Your risk of developing complications like corneal rejection continues for years post-cornea transplant. So, you will need to see your ophthalmologist regularly. Corneal rejection can often be managed with medications.
Vision correction after surgery
Your vision might be worse than before soon after surgery. It is only because your eye requires some time to adjust to the new cornea. However, your vision will improve after some time. Healing of the outer layer of the cornea may take several weeks to months. After it heals, your ophthalmologist will make adjustments to improve vision, such as:
The Department of Ophthalmology at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore offers primary ophthalmological care services, including ophthalmologic checkups and routine and emergency medical and surgical management of a vast range of ophthalmological conditions. Annual ophthalmological exams, consultation for eyeglasses, and referrals for fitting contact lenses are also offered.
Consult the best ophthalmologists in Indore who are highly qualified and have years of experience in the field. Further the team is equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology and ophthalmologic instruments to perform keratoplasty in Indore.
Comprehensive diagnostic services available include assessment of refractive errors, visual acuity, slit lamp evaluation, tonometry, ophthalmoscopy, gonioscopy, pachymetry, visual field testing, and fundus photography. The typical disorders diagnosed and treated in the department include contact-lens-related problems, blepharitis and dry eye, corneal ulcers, pterygium, herpes zoster and herpes simplex infections, allergic conjunctivitis, cataract, diabetes, glaucoma, macular degeneration, refractive errors like myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism, and ocular trauma.