Arthroscopic Surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed by orthopaedic surgeons for diagnosing and treating joint problems. The procedure is performed by making a buttonhole sized incision in the skin. An arthroscope, a small narrow tube is inserted through the incision into the joint. A fibre optic camera and lighting source are attached to the arthroscope that magnify and illuminate the joint structure. The image from the camera is displayed on a monitor that enables the surgeon to see the interior of the joint in detail. This helps them decide the extent of damage to the joint and the required treatment.
Arthroscopic Surgery was initially used only as a diagnostic procedure followed by open surgery for treatment of joint problems. With the advent of new technology and devices, it is now used for management of a majority of joint problems except joint replacement and major fractures.
Arthroscopic Surgery has several advantages over traditional open surgery for joint related issues. Many of these surgeries are performed in an out-patient setting, which avoids the need for hospitalization. Some of the other advantages of arthroscopic surgery include:
The Centre for Bone & Joint at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore offers arthroscopic surgery services for problems involving all big joints like the hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow and wrist. Most of these conditions are caused due to acute or chronic injuries and inflammation of the tissues surrounding the joints.
The following arthroscopic procedures are performed at the Centre for Bone & Joint:
The knee is the biggest joint of the body and also the most complex. It is made up of three bones that are covered with cartilage and surrounded by synovium. The bones are connected to other bones by meniscus and ligaments. A knee arthroscopy is recommended for any painful condition of the knee that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment. Common knee arthroscopic procedures include:
The shoulder is a complex joint that can perform maximum motion than any other joint in the body. It is a ball and socket joint that is made up of three bones that are covered by cartilages and held together by ligaments that form a shoulder capsule. Four thick tendons called the rotator cuff attach the humerus bone to the shoulder blade with a bursa in between. Overuse, injury and age-related wear and tear are the common causes of shoulder related problems.
Some of the common arthroscopic shoulder surgeries include:
Some of the arthroscopic surgeries performed in athletes include arthroscopic SLAP repair, biceps tenodesis, acromioclavicular joint problems and impingement syndromes.
Advanced arthroscopic reconstructive surgeries done at the Centre for Bone & Joint include: