The knee is the largest joint of the body and the most important to perform everyday activities. It is formed by three bones: femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone) and patella (kneecap). The ends of these bones are covered with cartilages that protect them and facilitate easy movement. The menisci located between the joints act as shock absorbers and provide the necessary cushioning. Four different ligaments hold the bones together and provide stability to the joint. The remaining surfaces of the knee are covered by the synovial membrane, which releases a fluid that lubricates the joint.
The most common cause of knee pain is arthritis. These can be of the following 3 types:
Total Knee Replacement (TKR), also known as knee arthroscopy is a surgery done to resurface the knee joint that is damaged due to arthritis. This surgery is recommended for someone suffering from severe arthritis that affects their daily activities.
Total Knee Replacement surgery is done in four steps:
With the right post surgical care and exercises, one can return to an active lifestyle within few weeks of surgery.
Total Knee Replacement surgery should be the last treatment option for arthritis. There are other things that can be done to reduce pain and improve mobility. These include:
During the first few weeks after Total Knee Replacement surgery, it is important to take care of the wound, exercise and avoid falls. Gradually the knee returns to its range of motion before surgery. Most patients are able to fully straighten their knee and also bend them enough to climb stairs. There may be some stiffness and a clicking sound on bending the knees, which is normal.
There is continuous research for finding better options for Total Knee Replacement surgery. Consult our orthopaedic surgeons in Indore for a detailed evaluation of your condition. Some of the latest innovations include: