Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

A musculoskeletal rehabilitation program is designed for people with disabilities due to disorders or injuries to the muscles, tendons, ligaments or bones. The aim of the program is to enable the individual to function normally as far as possible.

The musculoskeletal system is made up of muscles and bones in the body. Any conditions that affect these and impair their functioning can benefit from musculoskeletal rehabilitation. These include:

  • Inflammation of the tendons (tendonitis)
  • Trauma injuries like sprains or fractures
  • Muscle and ligament tears
  • Osteoporosis
  • Chronic arthritis
  • Bone tumours
  • Cysts
  • Hernias
  • Foreign bodies in the muscles
  • Amputation
  • Post-surgical stiffness

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation should start early to reduce the effects of inactivity. An ideal rehabilitation program focuses on therapeutic exercises while monitoring changes in the symptoms of the patient. Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation is done in 3 phases.

  • Acute phase
    The focus during this phase is on reducing pain and inflammation and promoting tissue healing.
  • Recovery phase
    This phase aims to restore normal range of motion, improve muscle control and work on core strength.
  • Maintenance phase
    Neuromuscular control is improved during this phase by increasing power and endurance. By the end of this phase, the person should be pain free, have full range of motion and normal muscle strength and balance.

A Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation program can last up to 6 weeks depending upon the patient’s requirement and response to treatment.

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation programs require many skilled professionals to get the desired outcomes. The Centre for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore has the best Orthopedist and top Neurosurgeon who are supported by a physiatrist, physical therapists, occupational therapists, exercise physiologist and rehab specialist nurses. The team provides the following facilities as a part of the Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation program:

  • Fitting of casts, braces, orthoses and prostheses
  • Gait retraining programs including use of a walker or crutch
  • Ergonomic assessments
  • Strength training and exercise systems
  • Isokinetic multi-joint dynamometer
  • Electrotherapy services