Bronchial asthma is a chronic, pulmonological disease affecting the lungs. The disease needs continuous treatment and awareness about any aggravating symptoms as if it is not treated properly at the right time, life-threatening complications can occur.
During normal breathing, the muscles surrounding the airways are relaxed, allowing the air to move in and out of the lungs easily. During an asthma attack, the following three things can occur:
Depending on the type of asthma and severity of its symptoms, it is classified into the following types:
Following are the causes of asthma:
Asthma can also be:
Apart from the ones mentioned above, following are three more types of asthma:
Asthma can affect any individual at any age. Individuals who have allergies or who are exposed to tobacco smoke are more likely to develop asthma. This includes secondhand and thirdhand smoke. Females are more susceptible to developing asthma than males.
The exact cause of asthma is unknown. However, your chances of the developing the disease is increased for you have certain risk factors:
Your asthma attack can be triggered if you come in contact with certain irritative agents. These substances are known as “triggers”. Avoiding asthma attacks will be easier if you know your triggers.
A trigger can bring on an attack right away from some people. At other times, it may take hours or days for an attack to start.
While triggers are different for each person, some of those include the following:
Asthma patients usually have very obvious symptoms. Some of these signs and symptoms resemble other respiratory infections including coughing, chest tightness, pressure, or pain, wheezing, and shortness of breath. If you have chronic asthma, you can have different signs and symptoms at different times. The symptoms can sometimes change between asthma attacks.
Your medical history will be reviewed by your healthcare provider, including information regarding your siblings and parents. Your healthcare provider will also inquire about your symptoms including any history of allergy, lung diseases, or skin problems.
A spirometry test may be ordered by your healthcare provider. This test is used to measure airflow through the lungs and is used to detect and monitor your response to treatment. Your doctor may order a blood test, chest X-ray, or skin test.
Many treatment options are available to help manage asthma. Your doctor may prescribe certain medications to keep the symptoms under control. Those include medications to keep the muscles of your airways relaxed and dilated, medications that reduce inflammation, and biologic therapies for asthma. The medications for asthma can be taken in several different ways. You may breathe those with the help of a metered-dose inhaler or any other type of asthma inhaler. Certain oral medications may also be prescribed.
Asthma medications can be taken in several different ways. You may be given the medications through a metered-dose inhaler, nebulizer, or any other type of asthma inhaler. Your doctor may also prescribe oral medications so that you can take those easily by swallowing.
Achieving a control on your symptoms is the main goal of asthma treatment. Control over your asthma means that you:
It is best to keep track of your asthma symptoms as it helps to manage the disease effectively. Your doctor may recommend you to use a peak flow (PF) metre. It is a device used to measure how fast you can blow air out of the lungs. It can help your doctor make some adjustments to your medications. It also helps determine if your symptoms are worsening.
If you have been diagnosed with asthma, you must know what triggers your attacks. You can avoid asthma attacks if you avoid your triggers. However, you can’t prevent yourself from getting asthma.
You can still live a very productive life and participate in activities like sports if you have asthma. Your doctor can help you manage your symptoms, manage or prevent attacks, and learn your triggers.
Your doctor will work with you so that a suitable asthma action plan can be developed. This plan will help you understand how and when you should use your medicines. It also help you determine what you should do based on your asthma symptoms and when to seek emergency medical care and attention.
If you have a severe attack of asthma, you should seek immediate medical care. However, the first thing to do is to use your rescue inhaler. It will help open up your airways by releasing certain fast-acting medicines. Your rescue inhaler is different from the maintenance inhaler that you use everyday. The rescue inhaler is reserved for use for when your symptoms are bothering you. You will need to use it more frequently if your asthma flare ups are severe.
If you don’t have a rescue inhaler with you or you have one but it fails to help you, you must go to the emergency department if you experience:
Asthma that tends to worsen at night is sometimes known as nocturnal or nighttime asthma. There are no known reasons for this condition, however some things that can trigger this include:
If you are suffering from moderate to severe asthma or your asthma symptoms are not well controlled, you are at an increased risk of having to get hospitalised if you develop COVID-19. You should, therefore, wear a mask and take extra precautions.
Many people with asthma live with a normal and fulfilled liver. Some professional athletes who have asthma have even set records in their professional lives. Consult the best pulmonologists in Indore to help manage your asthma symptoms.
The Department of Pulmonary Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore, offers comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic care for a diverse range of pulmonological diseases. Our services include endoscopic ultrasound, endo bronchial ultrasound, endobronchial brachytherapy, innovative therapeutic techniques, bronchial thermoplasty and surgical interventions like video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and lung volume reduction. Consult our team of highly qualified pulmonologists for the best asthma care in Indore.
Apart from having a fully-equipped Bronchoscopy suite with C-arm facilities, we house a state-of-the-art PFT machine. Our focus is on ensuring the speedy recovery of the patient and helping him return to normal activities of daily life as soon as possible.