Pulmonary Medicine deals with diseases of the respiratory tract such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, malignancies of the lungs, tuberculosis and interstitial lung diseases. The field of pulmonary medicine is rapidly evolving with newer diagnostic and therapeutic techniques available for dealing with complex disorders of the lungs.
Pulmonary diseases are some of the commonest medical conditions worldwide. Lakhs of people are suffering from pulmonary diseases in India alone. Infections, smoking, and genetics cause most pulmonary diseases.
Your lungs are a part of an intricate system, relaxing and expanding thousands of times every day to bring in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. Pulmonary diseases can occur when there are problems in any part of this system.
Pulmonologists are experts in treating the diseases of the respiratory system, especially those of the lungs. These conditions can occur due to things like tissue overgrowth, inflammation, and infections. Many of these conditions may require long-term treatment plans, some of which may be continued lifelong.
Some diseases treated by pulmonologists include asthma, aspergillosis, bronchitis, bronchiectasis, COVID-19, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, cystic fibrosis, lung cancer, interstitial lung disease, sarcoidosis, pulmonary hypertension, tuberculosis, and sleep apnea. A pulmonologist can also manage lung diseases related to occupation including Chronic beryllium disease (berylliosis), Asbestosis, Silicosis, and Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (black lung disease).
Your trachea or the windpipe branches into several tubes referred to as the bronchi, which in turn branch into smaller tubes throughout the lungs. Following are some of the diseases that can affect these airways:
The airways form branches and give rise to tiny tubes called bronchioles. These bronchioles end in air sac clusters called alveoli. Most of the lung tissue is made by these air sacs. Following are some lung diseases affecting the alveoli:
Interstitium is the delicate lining that lies between the air sacs or the alveoli. It is run by tiny blood vessels to allow the transfer of gases between the alveoli and the blood. Following are some pulmonary diseases affecting the interstitium:
Interstitial lung disease (ILD): It refers to a group of lung disorders including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, and autoimmune disease.
Pulmonary edema and pneumonia can also affect the interstitium
The right portion of the hearts receive blood low in oxygen from the veins. It pumps the blood into the lungs through the pulmonary arteries. Diseases can develop within these blood vessels too.
The thin lining surrounding the lungs and the inside of the chest wall is called pleura. The pleura on the surface of the lung slides along the chest wall with each breath with the help of a tiny layer of fluid. Following are some lung diseases that affect the pleura:
The chest wall also has a vital role to play in breathing. The ribs are connected to each other by muscles that help in the expansion of the chest. The diaphragm descends with each breath, also resulting in chest expansion. Following are some diseases affecting the chest wall:
If you are experiencing symptoms that your general physician is not able to help you with, or if they presume that you can get access to better care by visiting a specialist, they might refer you to a pulmonologist. These signs and symptoms may include:
If you have already been diagnosed with a lung disease or a respiratory disorder, you may continue having to see your pulmonologist so that your illness can be managed.
At your first appointment, you should be ready to share your medical history with your pulmonologist and undergo a physical examination, including that of the respiratory system. You can discuss with your doctor the reasons you are there and explain your symptoms in detail. Your doctor might advise you to run some tests so that the diagnosis and treatment plan are decided. These might include:
If you are suffering from an illness that requires long-term management, you should continue visiting your doctor at the appointments as scheduled and to follow recommendations. These tests may be required to be repeated later so that your doctor knows how well your treatment is working.
Breathing is indispensable to living. However, you may not realise how important it is until you experience some sort of problem that interferes with normal breathing. The issue might start with something small and annoying, like a simple cough and go to worsen into something quite complicated and life-threatening. Therefore, it is best to get things checked regularly to ensure that everything is working smoothly. A pulmonologist can provide you with the best care possible as far as lung diseases are concerned. In collaboration with the other healthcare providers on your healthcare team, he will help you make the best decisions for your health.
The Department of Pulmonary Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore, offers comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic care for a diverse range of pulmonological diseases. Our services include endoscopic ultrasound, endo bronchial ultrasound, endobronchial brachytherapy, innovative therapeutic techniques, bronchial thermoplasty and surgical interventions like video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and lung volume reduction. Consult the best pulmonologists in Indore at our hospital. Visit the top pulmonology department in Indore for treatment of respiratory disorders such as bronchoalveolar lavage, pulmonary function tests, tracheotomy, and pleuroscopy services.
We follow an evidence-based approach during all our services to ensure excellent outcomes matching international standards. Apart from having a fully-equipped Bronchoscopy suite with C-arm facilities, we house a state-of-the-art PFT machine. Our focus is on ensuring the speedy recovery of the patient and helping him return to normal activities of daily life as soon as possible.