Molecular Microbiology

Molecular Microbiology

Microbiology is a major branch of modern biology and it has innumerable applications in the field of diagnostics. The molecular microbiology laboratory at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore employs latest techniques including polymerase chain reaction to establish diagnosis of diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis. Our laboratory is well-equipped with state-of-the-art infrastructure and latest medical machines and equipment, including deep freezers, bio-safety cabinets, and other machines. Aerosol barrier filter tips and centrifuges have been installed to prevent complications in the laboratory.

All the procedures in our laboratory are performed in accordance with the international protocols and quality standards. This ensures precise and accurate results while negating the chances of infections and errors.

The laboratory involves investigation of the structure of different types of microbes and diagnosis of infections caused by a diverse range of pathogens, including mycoplasmas, DNA and RNA viruses, and aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Basic investigation-related services such as viral gene regulation, the study of viral protein structure and function, particle assembly, and viral pathogenesis are offered by our molecular microbiology laboratory.

Microorganisms or microbes are tiny, unicellular organisms that are not visible to the naked human eyes. Some of these microorganisms are beneficial in our day to day life, while others are detrimental to our health. The microorganisms that are harmful to health are known as pathogens.

The microorganisms that cause diseases include viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and a few variations of worms. After these microorganisms invade the host cell, they damage or disrupt the normal cellular activities. This causes diseases on a larger scale.

Diseases Caused By Microorganisms

There are many diseases caused by microorganisms. Following are some of those:

  • Viral diseases
    Viruses are so small that those are not visible to the naked human eye. Those can only be seen through an electron microscope. Outside a living cell, viruses are inactive. Once they reach inside the host’s body, they invade the entire cellular activities of the organism. Viruses can’t be destroyed by antibiotics. Measles, common cold, smallpox, and mumps are some diseases that are caused by viruses. The diseases caused by viruses range from acute and infectious diseases such as common cold to chronic diseases like AIDS. In addition to these diseases, viruses also cause polio, mumps, and rabies.
  • Bacterial diseases
    Not all bacteria result in diseases. The bacteria that cause diseases and infections in humans produce disease-causing toxins. Bacterial diseases include typhoid, diphtheria, anthrax, tuberculosis, and cholera. These diseases are treatable with antibiotics.
  • Protozoan diseases
    The diseases caused by protozoa include sleeping sickness and malaria.
  • Fungal diseases
    Fungi are pathogens that grow and multiply in damp and moist parts of the body. Fungi cause infections like ringworm and athlete’s foot.
  • Parasitic diseases:
    These diseases include those caused by tapeworms and roundworms such as Taeniasis and Ascariasis.

Following are the ways by which microorganisms cause diseases:

  • After reaching their target site in the body, the microorganisms multiply rapidly.
  • Then, they attach to the target site to be infected and fight against an attack from the host’s immune system.
  • They derive nutrients from the host.

The Department of Laboratory Medicine at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore is equipped with highly talented and experienced medical experts who are dedicated to quality service and patient care. Visit one of the most advanced laboratory in Indore to get the most accurate reports as possible. All our laboratories have been constructed in accordance with international protocols and quality standards to avoid tampering with samples and provide precise results. The laboratories don’t just deliver a diverse range of testing facilities but also ensure rapid delivery of results.

Apart from microbiological investigations, we provide a diverse range of diagnostic services in the fields of immunology, toxicology, hematology, histopathology, clinical biochemistry, and cytology, and molecular biology. The team handles a large number of samples daily with utmost efficacy.

Our healthcare providers work hard to provide international standard services through highly advanced equipment and state-of-the-art infrastructure. The highest level of professionalism is followed during all procedures to optimise the quality of results. Additionally, our staff engages in various training and competency evaluation programmes to maintain their quality control. Our laboratories are computerised and equipped with the Hospital Information systems (HIS) on which patient’s medical details and reports are uploaded. All the other departments have access to the software so that the concerned doctors can access the patient’s data at the click of the mouse. This helps conserve time as well as increases the efficiency of the entire treatment process.

Key Features of our Molecular Microbiology Laboratory

  • All our processes are performed in accordance with standard operating procedures. Each batch of specimens is tested with internal quality control samples. Before releasing the patient’s results, we make sure that the quality control results meet all statistical control criteria.
  • We actively participate in International External Quality Assurance Programs, which enhance the quality of our services and results.
  • We were the only Asian members in the IFCC six-member committee for Standardization of Thyroid Function Test (C-STFT) 2012-2014. Our Immunology and Biochemistry team members continue to strive for the highest level of quality and standardisation for immunoassay and other laboratory parameters.
  • Our laboratories are equipped with cutting-edge diagnostic machines and our team follows a fully automated system ranging from barcoding to bilateral interfacing of test results. This ensures minimal manual errors.