Kidney cancer, also called renal carcinoma, is a cancer of the kidney cells. It occurs when they grow abnormally and excessively, resulting in a tumour. Almost all kidney cancers originate from the lining of tubules in the kidney. Fortunately, most kidney cancers are diagnosed before they metastasize to distant organs. They can, therefore, be treated successfully at an earlier stage.
Kidney cancer is of different types, including:
The exact cause of kidney cancer is not known. However, the presence of certain risk factors may increase your susceptibility towards the disease. Following are some risk factors that increase the chances of developing kidney cancers:
It depends on whether the tumour is benign or malignant. Benign tumours are usually smaller than malignant ones and don’t metastasise to other body parts. The most common treatment for benign kidney tumours is their surgical removal.
Whether the kidney tumour is benign or malignant, the treatment should be commenced as soon as possible so that the complications are avoided.Risk factors for kidney cancer
The exact cause of kidney cancer is unknown. However, the risk of getting kidney cancer is found to be increased in the presence of some factors. Please note that having these risk factors does not mean you will develop kidney cancer. Conversely, kidney cancer develops even in the absence of risk factors.
In the early stages, kidney cancers are asymptomatic. As the disease progresses and the tumour increases in size, symptoms may appear. Following are the most common symptoms:
If cancer has metastasised to other organs, the following symptoms may appear:
The prognosis greatly depends on the grade and stage of kidney cancer. The higher the stage, the more aggressive cancer and the poorer the prognosis.
If you are looking for the Best Kidney Cancer Treatment Hospital in Indore, your search is over. After diagnosis and staging of cancer, you will be referred to a specialist oncology team composed of a urologist, a medical or radiation oncologist, a surgeon, and supporting staff. Several treatment modalities are available for kidney cancer. In most cases, surgery is the first choice.
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore is one of the best hospitals for Kidney Cancer Surgery in Indore. You can trust our expert surgeons to treat your disease in the best possible way. The type of surgery the oncology team chooses for you depends on your overall health and cancer stage.
If the tumour is not resectable or if the patient is unfit for surgery, some other treatment options are considered to destroy the tumour.
For surgically non-resectable tumours or if the patient is unfit for surgery, radiation therapy is used to control the symptoms of kidney cancer. X-rays or other types of rays are used to destroy cancer cells or stop them from growing.
During this therapy, certain drugs are used to destroy cancer cells or stop their multiplication. Chemotherapy is, however, relatively less effective for kidney cancers. It is mostly used for sarcomatoid variants of kidney cancer.
Because the causes of kidney cancer are unknown, it is not clear how to prevent the disease. However, certain known risk factors for kidney cancer can be controlled. Taking measures to quit smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, managing your blood pressure, and avoiding exposure to harmful chemicals may help prevent kidney cancer.
Receiving a diagnosis for kidney cancer can be quite shocking. Like many other cancers, the treatment plan is more successful if it is started early, when the cancer has not advanced. Your doctor will communicate the treatment plan with you and describe all the treatment options in detail along with their pros and cons.