Stomach cancer is the cancer that originates from the cells of the stomach. Also known as gastric cancer, stomach cancer occurs when the cells of the stomach start multiplying in an abnormal fashion. Most stomach cancer cases involve abnormal growth of cells at the place where the stomach meets the oesophagus. It can, however, also involve the main part of the stomach.
Majority of stomach cancers originate in the lining of the stomach, from where they progress slowly. If left untreated, a tumour is formed which grows deeper into the walls of the stomach. The tumour can also invade the surrounding organs such as the liver and the pancreas.
Although stomach cancer can affect anyone, presence of certain risk factors may increase your susceptibility to developing the disease. Following are some of the risk factors for developing stomach cancer:
In earlier stages, stomach cancers do not present with symptoms. Even the most common symptoms of stomach cancer such as stomach pain and unexplained weight loss usually don’t show until the cancer has reached an advanced stage.
Following are some of the symptoms of stomach cancer:
Most of these symptoms are non-specific and are seen in many other conditions. If you think you are suffering from symptoms of stomach cancer, you must visit a healthcare provider to know for sure.
Depending on how advanced the cancer is, your doctor may be able to perceive a mass in the stomach when palpating during a physical examination. However, the symptoms most often involve recognising certain other sensations in the stomach. The stomach may feel full, swollen, or painful. The pain may begin as mild and then progress on to become more intense with the progression of the disease.
If you experience a combination of the symptoms mentioned above persistently that worries you; you can visit Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Navi Mumbai and get an appointment with an expert doctor.
Like many other cancers, the exact cause of stomach cancer is not known. However, certain risk factors increase the risk of developing stomach cancer. Stomach cancer begins as a result of changes or mutations in a cell of the stomach. Normally, the DNA of a cell regulates its functions, including growth and multiplication. When the DNA is mutated, the cells start multiplying uncontrollably and accumulate, resulting in the formation of a tumour. If left untreated, the tumour tends to spread or metastasise to other body parts with time.
Stomach cancer can’t be prevented. But you can take some steps to reduce your risk of developing the disease:
Certain tests and procedures may be used to confirm the diagnosis of stomach cancer:
After a diagnosis of cancer is established, it is very important to stage cancer and determine the extent of its spread. Tests used for this purpose include CT scans and PET scans. Sometimes an exploratory surgery is performed to look for signs of the spread of the stomach cancer beyond the stomach. Such a surgery is usually performed using a minimally invasive laparoscopic approach, which means that several small cuts are made in the abdomen instead of a single large one to achieve a speedy recovery.
The information derived from these procedures is used for staging the cancer. The different stages are denoted by Roman numerals that range from 0 to IV. Stage 0 indicates that the cancer is small and confined to the inner layers of the stomach, while stage IV indicates an advanced disease that may have spread to other parts of the body. The staging of cancer plays a very important role in formulating the treatment plan as well as in predicting the prognosis.
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore is the best hospital for stomach cancer treatment in Indore. Our oncology team comprises the best doctors for gastric tumours in Indore who combine the quality and technology of the state-of-the-art equipment with their experience and skill. The treatment plan is dependent on many factors, including the location, stage, aggressiveness, and extent of spread of cancer. The patient's overall health and personal choices are also considered while formulating the treatment plan. The mainstay of stomach cancer treatment is surgery, which may be combined with other procedures like chemotherapy and radiation therapy to improve the outcome.
Surgery for stomach cancer aims to remove all of cancer along with a margin of healthy tissue surrounding it.
Palliative care is specialised medical care that aims to provide relief from pain and other symptoms of cancer or a serious illness rather than cure it. Palliative care specialists at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore work with you, your family and other doctors treating you to give an extra layer of support that supplements your ongoing treatment plan. Palliative care is very important for patients undergoing aggressive treatment procedures, such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Using palliative care with all other appropriate cancer treatment modalities makes people with cancer feel better and live longer, fulfilled lives. The palliative care team at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore consists of the best stomach cancer treatment doctors in Indore, specialised nurses and other trained professionals. They work hard to improve the quality of life for patients with cancer and their families.
Although stomach cancers aren’t always preventable, they can be successfully treated if found early. Depending on the type and stage of cancer you have, your doctor may recommend surgery to resect the malignant cells. A combination of different treatment modalities may also be recommended. The prognosis depends on many different factors you can discuss with your healthcare provider.
We at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore acknowledge that a cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming and frightening, but you will find ways to cope with the negative feelings with time. At this stage it is important to understand your cancer and look at the various treatment options and their prognosis. You can ask your oncologist about your condition and know more about the test results and treatment options. It may help you be more confident in making decisions about the treatment plan. You can also consider joining support groups and meeting with people who are suffering from or have recovered from the same cancer as you. Keep your friends, and family members close and do not hesitate to share your emotional problems with them. Also, do not hesitate to share your symptoms and mental health problems with the oncology team at our hospital throughout the treatment journey. Our team can assist you with appropriate medicines. The oncology team at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore provides the best colon & stomach cancer treatment in Indore. It aims not only to treat your physical symptoms but also to ensure your mental and emotional well being at all times.