Leukaemia is a type of cancer that originates from the tissues of the body that form blood. These include the bone marrow and the lymphatic parts of the lymphatic system. Leukaemia can occur in many forms, some of which are more common in children and others occur in adults. Leukaemia most commonly affects white blood cells. White blood cells are an indispensable component of the immune system, and they normally grow and multiply in an orderly manner. In patients with leukaemia, however, excessive amounts of abnormal white blood cells are formed by the bone marrow, which does not function normally.
Too little normal cells and too many leukemic cells are harmful for many different reasons:
The symptoms of leukaemia are often vague and non-specific. The early symptoms may be neglected because they closely resemble flu and other common illnesses. The symptoms depend on the variant of leukaemia a patient has. The common symptoms, however, include:
If you persistently experience any of the above symptoms and it worries you, you can visit Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore and make an appointment with our expert doctor.
Genetic and environmental factors combined are responsible for causing leukaemia. Leukaemia occurs when some blood cells undergo mutations in their DNA. DNA contains the information to direct the cell to function properly and control its growth. When the DNA is mutated, the cells divide and grow abnormally, which gives rise to a tumour. Over time, these abnormal blood cells replace the healthy blood cells, giving rise to signs and symptoms of leukaemia.
There are other rarer types of leukaemia, such as hairy cell leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndromes and myeloproliferative disorders.
Please note that the presence of these risk factors does not necessarily mean that you will develop leukaemia. Also, several patients with leukaemia have none of these risk factors.
Chronic leukaemia is often diagnosed through routine blood tests before the symptoms begin. If it happens, certain diagnostic tests are carried out to confirm the diagnosis:
Treatment for leukaemia depends on the variant of leukaemia and certain other factors. Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital is one of the best Leukaemia treatment hospitals in Indore. Our oncology team formulates your leukaemia treatment plan based on your age, overall health, the variant of leukaemia you have, and the extent of its spread to other parts of the body, including the central nervous system. The treatment of leukaemia can be quite challenging, but our cancer care team uses strategies and resources that help make your treatment successful, making our hospital the best blood cancer hospital in Indore.
You may receive ongoing leukaemia treatments in phases or in long-term depending on your treatment plan. Generally, there are three parts involved in phased treatments, with each part having a specific goal. Following are the three phases of leukaemia treatment:
Receiving a diagnosis of cancer can be scary, and if it’s a leukaemia, the fear is a lot more. Imagining what the treatment experience will be like with a tumour can be difficult for anyone. But you must remember that the outcomes differ for each patient and you must never lose hope. Without understanding your leukaemia and overall health, no one can predict your outcome. You can discuss any questions regarding leukaemia you have with your healthcare provider. If you are located in Indore, you can visit the Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore and get an appointment with an expert doctor who can guide you to the next step.