Lung cancer occurs due to uncontrolled division of cells in the lungs. The lungs are paired organs present inside the chest that are vital to the process of respiration. Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths globally. Normally, the cells divide and make more copies of themselves. However, sometimes mutations occur that cause them to proliferate abnormally. Uncontrollable multiplication of the damaged cells results in masses of tissues that eventually hamper the normal functioning of organs.
There are no specific symptoms of lung cancer when the disease is in its earlier stages. As the disease advances, the signs and symptoms become more evident. Following are the common symptoms of primary lung cancers:
The symptoms for these cancers depend upon the other to which they have spread. The prognosis is generally very poor once cancer has metastasized out of the lungs to other body parts.
If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above persistently and it worries you, you can visit Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore and get an appointment with one of the best pulmonologists in Indore. If you smoke and find it difficult to quit, do not hesitate to ask for help during your hospital visits.
The main cause behind most lung cancers is smoking. However, non-smokers can develop lung cancer too. The more the duration of smoking and the number of cigarettes smoked, the higher the chances of developing lung cancer. After years of smoking, if an individual quits smoking, the risk of developing lung cancer is greatly increased.
Smoking gives rise to lung cancer by destroying the cells lining the inside of the lungs. Cigarette smoke contains cancer-causing substances that, when inhaled, cause changes in the lung tissue almost immediately. At first, the body tries to compensate for the damage by repairing the damaged tissue, but with each repeated exposure, the cells get severely damaged, reaching a point where the body's defence mechanisms fail to compensate for the damage. This eventually gives rise to cancer.
Lung cancers are of many different types. But the commonest ones are— small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer.
The presence of certain risk factors increases the susceptibility to developing lung cancers. Some of these risk factors, such as smoking, are modifiable and can be controlled, while others, like family history, cannot be controlled. Apart from smoking, other common risk factors for lung cancer include:
People at an increased risk of developing lung cancer must undergo annual lung cancer screening by getting low-dose CT scans done. If you think that you belong to the high-risk groups, discuss whether lung screening is appropriate for you.
Each stage of lung cancer comprises different combinations of spread and size that can fall under that category. Suppose, in a stage III cancer, the primary tumour could be smaller than that in stage II cancer. However, other factors categorise it as being more advanced. Following is the general staging for lung cancer:
While stages I through IV are now used by providers for small cell lung cancers, it might also be described as an extensive or limited stage. It depends on whether the area can be treated with a single field of radiation.
Limited stage small cell lung cancer is limited to a single lung and can sometimes spread to lymph nodes located in the chest or above the collar bone on the same side. On the other hand, extensive stage small cell cancer is widespread in one lung or has involved the other lung. It can also involve lymph nodes of other parts of the body or that or the opposite side of the lung.
The treatment plan depends on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the extent of local spread and distant metastasis, and the patients' overall health.
If you are looking for the best lung cancer treatment hospital in Indore, your search is over. Our cancer team comprises expert professionals who prioritise your physical and mental health during the whole course of the treatment. Before formulating the treatment plan, our doctors will discuss all the treatment options with you and your family, listing the pros and cons of each.
Surgery for lung cancer aims to remove the cancerous cells as much as possible. A rim of healthy tissue surrounding the cancerous cells may also be removed. Surgery is considered an option if the cancer is confined to the lungs. Surgical procedures of all kinds are performed by expert and qualified surgeons at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore making it the best lung cancer surgery hospital in Indore. Procedures employed to remove lung cancer include:
Palliative care is supportive care that involves a team approach to minimizing the signs and symptoms of cancer. Patients who receive palliative treatment along with curative treatment have better outcomes. It helps improve mood and quality of life and prolong survival. Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore is the top lung cancer hospital in Indore delivering the highest quality curative and palliative treatments for lung cancers.
Hearing a diagnosis of lung cancer is quite difficult. The whole ordeal can be overwhelming and bring with it a flood of emotions. Depending on help from loved ones and support of a group can help you deal with your emotion and look for treatment options. Treatment of a cancer is often the process, and one of its most important parts is taking care of yourself.