Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurologic disorder and the most common cause of dementia. It causes the brain to shrink and brain cells to die that leads to memory loss. Over a period of time, there is decline in thinking, behavioral and social skills which in turn starts affecting a person's ability to function independently.

Alzheimer's disease is said to be caused due to unusual build-up of proteins in and around the brain cells. The proteins form tangles within and plaques around the brain cells. This affects the chemical messengers involved in sending messages or signals between brain cells. Over time, areas of the brain start shrinking and start affecting memory.

Age and family history of Alzheimer's are the two most important risk factors for developing the disease. The chances of developing Alzheimer's after the age of 65 years doubles every 5 years. Symptoms appear many years after changes begin in the brain.

Memory loss is the most common symptom. Other Alzheimer's disease symptoms include:

  • Trouble with familiar day-to-day activities
  • Difficulty in speech or writing
  • Confusion and disorientation about time and place
  • Mood changes
  • Withdrawal from people and society
  • Misplacing items
  • Asking the same questions repeatedly
  • Poor judgement and difficulty in making judgement
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Hallucinations

Alzheimer's disease – Diagnosis

A diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is based on symptoms, medical history – past and present, medications and lifestyle. There is no specific test to diagnose the condition, however, mental, physical, neurological, and imaging tests can help the doctor reach a diagnosis. A cognitive assessment is done which involves answering various questions asked by the doctor and solving specially designed puzzles. This helps in assessing the functioning of different areas of the brain.

Brain imaging studies like Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Computed tomography (CT) scans can help in picking up any abnormal characteristics in the brain. An Electroencephalogram (EEG) records brain rhythms that helps identify the stage of Alzheimer's disease.

There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease, but certain drugs can help with memory and cognitive changes. These drugs can also delay the disease progression. In addition to medications, doctors for Alzheimer's disease will suggest lifestyle changes like simplifying tasks, getting enough rest, relaxation and limiting confusion can also help in managing the condition. A team of healthcare professionals including a physical therapist, nutritionist, pharmacist and social worker can help maintain quality of life at all stages of the disease.

The Centre for Neurosciences at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore offers the best treatment for Alzheimer’s disease. The Centre is equipped with modern machines and offers advanced technology for the treatment of a wide range of neurological disorders. Top neurologists for Alzheimer’s disease in Indore are a part of the team at the Centre for Neurosciences who offer international standard treatment.